School Information » Guiding Principles

Guiding Principles


The knowledge and skills described in the Maine Department of Education Regulation 132 support Maine students in achieving the goals established in Maine’s
Guiding Principles. The Guiding Principles state that each Maine student must leave school as:

A. A clear and effective communicator who:
    1. Demonstrates organized and purposeful communication in English and at least
    one other language;
    2. Uses evidence and logic appropriately in communication;
    3. Adjusts communication based on the audience; and
    4. Uses a variety of modes of expression (spoken, written, and visual and performing
    including the use of technology to create and share the expressions);

B. A self-directed and lifelong learner who:
    1. Recognizes the need for information and locates and evaluates resources;
    2. Applies knowledge to set goals and make informed decisions;
    3. Applies knowledge in new contexts;
    4. Demonstrates initiative and independence;
    5. Demonstrates flexibility including the ability to learn, unlearn, and relearn;
    6. Demonstrates reliability and concern for quality; and
    7. Uses interpersonal skills to learn and work with individuals from diverse

C. A creative and practical problem solver who: [1995, c. 649, §1 (new).]
    1. Observes and evaluates situations to define problems;
    2. Frames questions, makes predictions, and designs data/information collection and
    analysis strategies;
    3. Identifies patterns, trends, and relationships that apply to solutions;
    4. Generates a variety of solutions, builds a case for a best response and critically
    evaluates the effectiveness of the response;
    5. Sees opportunities, finds resources, and seeks results;
    6. Uses information and technology to solve problems; and
    7. Perseveres in challenging situations;

D. A responsible and involved citizen who:
    1. Participates positively in the community and designs creative solutions to meet
    human needs and wants;
    2. Accepts responsibility for personal decisions and actions;
    3. Demonstrates ethical behavior and the moral courage to sustain it;
    4. Understands and respects diversity;
    5. Displays global awareness and economic and civic literacy; and
    6. Demonstrates awareness of personal and community health and wellness;

E. An integrative and informed thinker who:
    1. Gains and applies knowledge across disciplines and learning contexts and to real
    life situations with and without technology;
    2. Evaluates and synthesizes information from multiple sources;
    3. Applies ideas across disciplines; and
    4. Applies systems thinking to understand the interaction and influence of related
    parts on each other and on outcomes.